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【双语学习】大国崛起之——中国人工智能产业蓬勃发展

自2000年以来,我国政治、经济、文化不断进步,近年来在大数据时代下,人工智能产业更是蓬勃发展。在11月24日刚刚结束的世界互联网大会·互联网发展论坛上,专家和政府权威人士对于新冠疫情下的人工智能深入剖析,可见未来人工智能领域将会给中国和世界更多惊艳。

 

    11月24日,世界互联网大会·互联网发展论坛在浙江省乌镇落下帷幕。会上,各专家和政府人士表示,中国灵活利用人工智能等新兴技术,为新型冠状病毒疫情等全球性问题寻找解决方案。工业和信息化部副部长刘烈宏在论坛上说:“人工智能在帮助许多行业抗击流感也发挥了显著作用,特别是在制造业、运输业、物流业、医疗保健业和教育业”。 

刘烈宏说,尽管还存在各种不确定因素,但截止今年上半年,中国核心人工智能产业规模已达到770亿元人民币(110亿美元),人工智能企业数量超过260家。正是由于政府和企业在人工智能创新方面的共同努力,特别是在专用芯片、应用算法和开放平台方面,计算机视觉、自然语言理解等一系列技术达到了全球先进水平。

 

为期两天的论坛吸引了130多家国内外知名企业和机构前来展示他们的新技术,在浙江省政府与中国电子科技集团公司举行的分论坛上,共签署了40个数字经济合作项目,涉及投资额639.6亿元。

人工智能技术和服务提供商4Paradigm的总裁裴沵思在会上表示,“中国在人工智能领域的角色已经从追随者转变为领导者。在一些人工智能垂直领域,比如人工智能应用,中国甚至超过了美国等国家。”正如其所言,中国一直在加大人工智能的开发力度——在十四五计划(2021-25年)中,中国强调了人工智能、5G、超级计算和量子计算等技术在发展中的作用。根据一份行业报告,中国在2019年首次超越美国成为人工智能技术专利申请的领头羊。截至今年10月,中国人工智能相关专利申请量已达69.4万件,同比增长56.3%。裴沵思说:“疫情使中国的传统企业越来越意识到,我们需要尽可能多地使用先进技术。为了解决这些瓶颈问题,该公司推出了一个名为Sage AIOS的人工智能操作系统,它可以让公司只需输入数据表格就可以创建一个人工智能应用场景。

不过,科技是把双刃剑的问题也不能回避,中国互联网协会联合会主席任贤良表示,人工智能在带来便利的同时,也带来了数据滥用等问题。“针对这些问题,中国政府一直在积极探索解决办法,包括建立网络安全和数据安全管理的法律法规,以促进人工智能领域的健康发展。”

 

 

【原文来源】CHINADAILY

【原文】

China has been at the forefront of using emerging technologies like artificial intelligence to find solutions to global problems like the novel coronavirus outbreak, officials and experts said on Tuesday.

"AI has played a remarkable role in helping a slew of industries fight the negative effects of the pandemic, especially in manufacturing, transportation, logistics, medical care and education," said Liu Liehong, vice-minister of industry and information technology, at the World Internet Conference — Internet Development Forum, which ended on Tuesday in Wuzhen, Zhejiang province.
Despite the lingering uncertainties, the scale of China's core AI industries reached 77 billion yuan ($11 billion) during the first six months of this year, Liu said, adding that the number of AI companies exceeded 260.

It is thanks to the joint efforts from the government and companies in AI innovations, especially in dedicated chips, application algorithms, and open platforms, that a slew of technologies such as computer vision and natural language understanding have reached the advanced level globally, Liu said.
The two-day forum attracted over 130 well-known companies and institutions from both home and abroad to showcase their new technologies.
Forty digital economy cooperation projects involving an investment of 63.96 billion yuan were inked during a sub-forum held by the Zhejiang provincial government and China Electronics Technology Group Corp.

Pei Misi, president of 4Paradigm, an artificial intelligence technology and service provider, said that China has transformed from a follower to a leader in AI. "In some AI verticals, like AI applications, China even surpasses countries like the United States," he said.
The country has been ramping up its AI development efforts. In its 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25) proposals, the nation has highlighted the role of frontier technologies like AI, 5G, supercomputing and quantum computing in development.
According to an industry report, China overtook the US as the leader in AI technology patent filings for the first time in 2019.By October this year, the nation's AI-related patent filings had reached 694,000, up 56.3 percent on a yearly basis.
"The epidemic has made the country's traditional enterprises increasingly aware of the fact that they need to be armed with as much advanced technologies as possible," Pei said.

Domestic companies have realized that replacement of intelligent technologies like AI will be a very fundamental change. If the gap is widened, it cannot be made up in one or two years, he said.
To help tackle the bottlenecks, the company has launched an AI operating system called Sage AIOS, which enables companies to create an AI application scenario by simply typing in the data form.
Ren Xianliang, president of the China Federation of Internet Societies, however, said that while AI brings conveniences, it also creates problems such as data abuse.
"In the light of these problems, the Chinese government has been actively exploring solutions, including establishing laws and regulations for cybersecurity and data security management, to foster the healthy development of the AI sector," he said.

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